Ahmad Dahlan God does not play dice with the Cosmos.

Membuat Kalimat Tanya Dalam Bahasa Inggris

3 min read

Question Word menyusun kalimat tanya dalam bahas Inggris

Membuat kalimat tanya dalam bahasa inggris memiliki sedikit perbedaan dengan pola kalimat tanya dalam bahasa Indonesia. Dalam bahasa Indonesia biasanya kita hanya akan menemukan satu kata kerja dalam kalimat tanya namun dalam bahasa Inggris, akan ada dua kata kerja.

  • Bagaimana Kabar Kamu?

Dalam Bahasa Inggris di tulis

  • How do you do?

Contoh lain

  • Apa yang telah kamu lakukan?

Dalam bahasa Inggris disusun

  • What did you do?
  • What have you done?

A. Komponen Kalimat Tanya

Jika diperhatikan secara seksama, kalimat tersebut memiliki pola yang sama yakni dimulai dengan kata tanya seperti what, where, how, dst. Setelah kata tanya akan ada kata kerja namun bukan kata kerja utama, kata kerja ini disebut Auxiliarry verb, misalnya do, are, is, have, did, dst. Setelah itu Subject/Object lalu main Verb. Pola ini disebut QUASM.

Question Word + Auxiliary Verb + Subject + Main Verb (+ Additional Explanation)

Axiliarry Verb dan Subjet tidak akan ditemukan pada pertanyaan yang menanyakan subjek sebagai jawabannya. Misalnya

  • Who are you?
  • Who take the ball?

1. Question Word

Question word adalah kata tanya yang terdiri dari What, Who, When, Where, Why and How atau disingkat 5W + 1H.

Question WordArtiFungsiContoh Kalimat
WhatApaMenanyakan pelaku baik sebagai Subjek atau Objek untuk Noun.What are you doing?
WhoSiapaMenanyakan pelaku baik sebagai Subjek atau Objek untuk Pronoun dan Person.Who are you?
Who took the book?
WhenKapanMananyakan kapan sebuah kejadian berlangsung.When did it happen?
When will you go?
WhereDimanaMananyakan lokasi atau tempat kejadian terjadiWhere are you going?
Where have you been?
WhyKenapaMenanyakan alasan kejadian terjadiWhy did you go there?
Why do you left?
HowBagaimanaMenanyakan cara sebuah terjadiHow do they do it?
How could you take it?

2. Auxiliary Verb

Auxiliary verb adalah kata kerja bantu yang digunakan untuk menghubungkan question word dengan subjek. Aturan Auxiliary verb juga berlaku umum yakni harus sesuai dengan kata kerja utama. Misalnya Do dan Did untuk Infinitive, sedangakan is, am, were, was dan sejenisnya untuk progressive verb (Ving).

B. Menyusun Kalimat Tanya

Perhatikan Kalimat dalam Bentuk kalimat dalam bentuk simple present berikut:

Albert eats meet every week at the Caffe Corner

Setiap warna yang ada kaliamt itu memiliki peran yang berbeda. Peran ini disebut part of speech dengan keterangan sebagai berikut:

  • Albert : Pelaku / Subject (A)
  • eats : Kegiatan / yang dikerjakan (B)
  • meet : object (C)
  • Every week : Adverb of frequency (D)
  • at the Caffe Corner : Adverb of place (E)

Mari kita membuat pertanyaan-pertanyaan yang jawabannya masing-masung posisi di atas, pertanyaan disusun pada tabel

JawabanPertanyaanPolaCode Jawaban
AlbertWho eats meet every week at the Caffe Corner?Who + BCDEA
eats* (eats meet)What does Albert do every week at the caffe Corner?What + AU** + A + do + DE BC
meetWhat does Albert eat every week at the Caffe Corner?What + AU + ABDEC
every weekWhen does Albert eat meet at the Caffe Corner?When + AU + ABCED
at the Caffe CornerWhere does Albert eat meet every week?Where + AU + ABCDE
yes/no answerDoes Albert eat meet every week at the Caffe Corner?AU + ABCDE

Ket:

* eats adalah kata kerja Transitive yang butuh objek sehingga Objek harus disertakan.
**AU : Auxiliary Verb

Perhatikan Pola Pertanyaan di kolom 3 dan Code Jawaban di kolom 4. Pola dan pasangan jawaban ini berlaku secara umum untuk semua bentuk tenses yang Predikanya menggunakan Verb bukan Nomina. Misalnya Kalimat Past Tense

Albert ate meet last night at the Caffe Corner

Identifikasi Part of Speech:

  • A : Albert
  • B : ate
  • C : meet
  • D : last night
  • E : at the Caffe Corner

Untuk pertanyan yang jawaban A, maka pola yang digunakan adalah Who + BCDE

  • Q : Who ate meet last night at the Caffe Corner?
  • A : Albert

Untuk pertanyaan yang jawabannya C, maka pola yang digunakan adalah What + AU + ABDE

  • Q : What did Albert eat last night at the Caffe Corner?
  • A : Meet

Untuk pertanyaan dengan jawaban D, maka polanya yang digunakan adalah When + AU + ABCE

  • Q : When did Albert eat meet at the Caffe Corner?
  • A : last night

Untuk interrogative Question polanya AU + ABCDE.

  • Q : Did Albert eat meet last night at the Caffe Corner?
  • A : Yes

Latihan I

Coba susun semua bentuk pertanyaan untuk semua kemungkinan jawaban pada kalimat Past progressice tense berikut

  • Tina was reading Harry Potter when Tono left

Latihan II

Cobalah susun kalimat tanya berikut ini ke dalam bahasa Inggris

  1. Apa yang dimaksud dengan gaya tarik antar benda?
  2. Mengapa air hujan berbentuk bulat ketika terjatuh?
  3. Bagaimana cara menaikkan suhu ruangan yang bertekanan tinggi?
  4. Berapa banyak larutan yang dibutuhkan untuk membuat asam klorida?
  5. Siapa yang menemukan gaya antar muatan antar partikel?
  6. Dimanakah Einstein bekerja pada saat menyusun teori relativistik?
  7. Berapakah frekuensi suara mobil yang bergerak dengan dengan kecepatan 30 m/s oleh pengamatan diam?
  8. Bagaimana cara menghitung perubahan energi potensial sebuah benda?
  9. Siapakah yang menemukan teori Big Bang?
  10. Seberapa cepatkah roket terbang agar bisa meninggalkan orbit bumi?
  11. Kapankan konferensi penentuan standar internasional dilaksanakan?
  12. Bagaimana cara menggunakan Jangka sorong elektronik?
  13. Mengapa bumi berbentuk bulat sempurna?
  14. Mengapa pelangi memiliki 7 lapisan warna?
  15. Mengapa pesawat yang terbuat dari besi bisa terbang?
  16. Bagaimana gaya apung dapat bekerja pada benda yang tenggelam di dalam cairan?
  17. Mengapa Natrium dapat meledak ketika terkena air?
  18. Mengapa emas bisa menjadi konduktor listrik paling baik?
  19. Mengapa tali gitar memiliki nada pada saat dipetik?
  20. Siapa yang pertama kali mengamati bumi itu bulat?
  21. Siapakah orang kedua yang mendarat di Bulan?
  22. Bagaimana Space X bisa terbang sampai ke Planet mars?
  23. Mengapa Matahari terus menerus berpendar?
  24. Bagaimanakah cara mengukur suhu matahari?
  25. Mengapa galaksi kita diberi nama Milki way?
  26. Berapa lamakah waktu peredaran Titan mengelilingi Jupiter?
  27. Apakah penemuan terhebat dari Galilei Galileo?
  28. Siapakah yang merevisi teori Big Bang tentang asal usul alam semesta?
  29. Bagaimana cara kerja dari pegas pada neraca pegas?
  30. Mengapa Termometer Batang tidak boleh dipegang pada saat melakukan pengukuran suhu?
  31. Seberapa banyakkah energi yang dimiliki inti bumi?
  32. Mengapa panci dibuat dengan bahan logam?
  33. Logam apakah yang dapat bertahan pada suhu 4000oC?
  34. Kemanakah perginya panas pada teh yang saya buat?
Ahmad Dahlan God does not play dice with the Cosmos.

31 Replies to “Membuat Kalimat Tanya Dalam Bahasa Inggris”

  1. FUTRI HAKIKI R
    200103512004
    ICP OF PHYSICS EDUCATION

    Latihan I
    Beberapa bentuk pertanyaan untuk beberapa kemungkinan jawaban pada kalimat Past progressice tense β€œTina was reading Harry Potter when Tono left”
    1. πŸ‘©πŸ» : Who reading harry potter when Tono left?
    πŸ‘©πŸ»β€πŸ¦° : Tina
    2. πŸ‘©πŸ» : What does Tini when Tono left?
    πŸ‘©πŸ»β€πŸ¦° : Reading harry potter
    3. πŸ‘©πŸ» : What does Tini read when Tono left?
    πŸ‘©πŸ»β€πŸ¦° : Harry potter
    4. πŸ‘©πŸ» : When does Tini reading harry potter?
    πŸ‘©πŸ»β€πŸ¦° : When Tono left
    5. πŸ‘©πŸ» : Does Tini reading harry potter when Tono left?
    πŸ‘©πŸ»β€πŸ¦° : Yes

    Latihan II
    Memilih salah satu kalimat tanya lalu menyusun kalimat tersebut dalam bahasa inggris
    2. Why do raindrops have a round shape when they fall?

  2. NURLINDA NOMPO
    200103511006
    ICP PHYSICS EDUCATION

    LATIHAN I
    1. Who was reading Harry Potter when Tono Left?
    2. When was Tina reading Harry Potter?
    3. What was Tina Reading when Tono Left?

    LATIHAN II
    15. Why can airplanes made of iron fly?

    Thank you sirπŸ™

  3. Nama: Rosdiana
    NIM : 200103510006
    No. 30. Why can’t the stem thermometer be held when taking temperature measurements?
    So that our body temperature does not affect the thermometer number when we are measuring a temperature. Actually all parts of a thermometer measure temperature. But the most sensitive is the tip of the thermometer. Therefore, when measuring the temperature of the solution we should not hold the thermometer directly. Usually by tying the thermometer to a string or clamp.

    1. Nama : Nur Aisyah
      NIM : 20003510005
      Latihan I
      a. Who was reading harry potter when Tono left?
      Tina
      b. What tina was reading when Tono left?
      Harry Poter
      c. When was tina reading harry potter?
      When Tono has left
      Latihan II
      *What is the greatest discovery of Galileo Galilei?

  4. Nama : Seprianty
    Nim. : 200103511013
    Jawaban
    1. Latihan 1
    – When Tono left Tina reading Harry Potter?
    – Did Tina was reading Harry Potter when Tono left?
    – why Tina was reading Harry Potter when Tono left?
    – Who Tina was reading Harry Potter when Tono left?
    2. Latihan 2
    – How much solution is needed to make hydrochloric acid?

  5. Nama : Murni
    NIM : 200103510002

    *Latihan 1*
    1. Who was reading harry potter when Tono left?
    Tina
    2. What tina was reading when Tono left?
    Harry Poter
    3. When was tina reading harry potter?
    Tono Left

    *Latihan II*
    Why does the sun keep on shining?

  6. Nama : Revalinda Darwis
    NIM : 300103511009

    Latihan I
    Q : Who read Harry Potter when Tono leaves?
    A : Tina

    Q : What does Tina do when Tono leaves?
    A : was reading

    Q : What does Tina read when Tono Leaves?
    A : Harry Potter

    Q : When does Tina read Harry Potter?
    A : When Tono Left

    Q : Did Tina was reading Harry Potter when Tono left?
    A : Yes

    Latihan II
    Nomor 24 Bagaimanakah cara mengukur suhu matahari?

    Dalam bahasa Inggris
    How do you measure the temperature of the sun?

  7. Latihan 1
    Tina was reading Harry Potter when Tono left.

    Q : Who was reading Harry Potter when Tono left?
    A : Tina

    Q : What was Tina reading when Tono left ?
    A : Harry Potter

    Q : When was Tina reading Harry Potter ?
    A : When Tono left

    Q : Was Tina reading Harry Potter when Tono left?
    A : Yes

    Latihan 2
    Apa yang dimaksud dengan gaya tarik antar benda?

    What is the force of attraction between objects ?

  8. Nama : Putri Tartillah Pratiwi AB
    Nim : 200103511003
    *Latihan 1*
    1. Who reading harry potter when tono left?
    = Tina
    2. What does Tina read when Tono left?
    =Harry Potter
    3. When does Tina reading Harry Potter?
    =when Tono left
    4. Does Tina read Harry Potter when Tono left?
    =Yes

    *Latihan 2*
    16. How does the buoyant force act on an object submerged in a liquid?

  9. Nama : Ildah Apriani
    NIM : 200103512005

    Latihan 1
    Tina was reading Harry Potter when Tono left.

    Q : Who was reading Harry Potter when Tono left?
    A : Tina

    Q : What was Tina reading when Tono left?
    A : Harry Potter

    Q : When was Tina reading Harry Potter?
    A : When Tono left

    Q : Was Tina reading Harry Potter when Tono left?
    A : Yes

    Latihan 2
    Apa yang dimaksud dengan gaya tarik antar benda?

    What is the force of attraction between objects?

  10. Nama : Nurul Pratiwi Sahabuddin
    NIM : 200103510003
    Latihan 1
    a. Who was reading Harry Potter when Tono left?
    b. What was Tina reading when Tono left?
    c. Which book was Tina reading when Tono left?
    d. When was Tina reading Harry Potter?
    Latihan 2
    25. Why is our galaxy named milky way?

  11. Nama : Rifaatul Mahmudah
    NIM : 200103511001

    Latihan 1
    Susun semua bentuk pertanyaan untuk semua kemungkinan jawaban pada kalimat Past progressice tense “Tina was reading Harry Potter when Tono left” :

    ✦ Q : What was Tina reading when Tono left?
    A : Harry Potter
    ✦ Q : Who was reading Harry Potter when Tono left?
    A : Tina
    ✦ Q : Was Tina reading Harry Potter when Tono left?
    A : Yes
    ✦ Q : When was Tina reading Harry Potter?
    A : When Tono left

    Latihan 2
    Susun kalimat tanya ke dalam bahasa Inggris
    19. Mengapa tali gitar memiliki nada pada saat dipetik?
    = Why do guitar strings have a pitch when strummed?

  12. Aqil Marwan (200103512002)

    LATIHAN 1
    – A : what is tina reading?
    B : Harry Potter
    – A : What was Tina doing after Tono left?
    B : Reading Harry potter
    – A : When does Tina read Harry Potter?
    B : when toni is left

    LATIHAN 2
    14. Why does a rainbow have 7 layers of color?

  13. Nama: Rosdiana
    Nim: 200103510006
    Latihan 1
    1. Latihan 1
    * When Tono left Tina reading Harry Potter?
    * Did Tina was reading Harry Potter when Tono left?
    * why Tina was reading Harry Potter when Tono left?
    * Who Tina was reading Harry Potter when Tono left?

    Latihan 2
    Why can’t the stem thermometer be held when taking temperature measurements?

  14. Azizah azzahrah
    200103510001
    Latihan 1
    Q : who was reading Harry Potter when tono left?
    Q : what was Tina reading tono left?
    Q : when was Tina reading Harry Potter ?
    Q : did Tina reading Harry Potter when tono left?
    Latihan 2
    9) siapa yang menemukan teori big bang?
    9) who discovered the big bang theory ?

  15. Nama : Muh Nurfaizi Bahmi
    Nim : 200103512006

    Latihan 1
    tina was reading harry potter when tony left
    1. Question : who was reading harry potter when tony left?
    Answer : Tina
    2. Question : what does tina do when tony left?
    Answer : Was reading harry potter
    3. Question : what does tina was reading when tony left?
    Answer : Harry potter
    4. Question : when does tina reading harry potter?
    Answer : when tony left
    5. Question : does tina was reading harry potter when tony left?
    Answer : yes

    Latihan 2
    Indonesia :
    Dimana einstein berkerja pada saat menyusun teori relativitas?
    English :
    1. Where did einstein work when developing the theory of relativity?
    2. where did einstein work when formulate the theory of relativity?

    1. Muhammad Nur Ikhsan Rasyid
      NIM 200103510004
      PENDIDIKAN FISIKA ICP

      Latihan 1
      1. What is the title of the novel that tina read?
      2. When Tono go from tina?
      3. Where Tono go when Tina read the novel?
      4. Which Book of Harry potter that Tina read?
      Latihan 2
      3rd Sentence
      3. Bagaimana cara menaikkan suhu ruangan yang bertekanan tinggi?
      =How to raise the temperature of a high pressure room?

  16. Nama : Nurul Aziza Wulandari
    NIM : 200103512009

    * Latihan I
    1. Q : Who reading harry potter when Tono left?
    Β  A : Tina
    2. QΒ : What does Tini when Tono left?
    Β  A : Reading harry potter
    3. QΒ : What does Tini read when Tono left?
    AΒ : Harry potter
    4. QΒ : When does Tini reading harry potter?
    Β  A : When Tono left
    5.Β Q : Does Tini reading harry potter when Tono left?
    Β  A : Yes

    *Latihan II
    Cobalah susun kalimat tanya berikut ini ke dalam bahasa Inggris
    21.Siapakah orang kedua yang mendarat di Bulan?
    > Who was the second person to land on the Moon?

  17. Nama : Zulfiah Abdullah
    Nim : 200103511011

    Latihan 1
    β€’ When was Tina reading Harry Potter?
    β€’ Who was reading Harry Potter when Tono Left?
    β€’ What was Tina reading when Tono left?
    β€’ Was Tina reading Harry Potter when tono left?

    Latihan 2
    No.18 : Why is gold can be the best conductor of electricity?

  18. NAMA : PUTRI AMELIA
    NIM : 200103511004

    Latihan I
    1. Q : Who was reading Harry Potter when Tono left?
    A : Tina.
    2. Q : What was Tina reading when Tono Left?
    A : Harry Potter.
    3. Q : When was Tina reading Harry Potter?
    A : When Tono left.
    4. Q : Was Tina reading Harry Potter when Tono Left?
    A : Yes.

    Latihan II
    12. Bagaimana cara menggunakan jangka sorong elektronik?
    => How to use the electronic calipers?

    1. Nama: Alya Noer Jafar
      Nim: 200103511007

      Latihan 1
      1. What did tina read when tono left?
      2. Who was reading Harry Potter when Tono left?
      3. When was Tina reading Harry Potter?
      4. What did tina read when tono left?
      5. Did Tina reading Harry Potter when Tono Left?

      Latihan 2
      8. Bagaimana cara menghitung perubahan energi potensial sebuah benda?

      “How do calculate change in the potential energy of an object”

  19. Nama : Hikmawati
    NIM : 200103511008
    Latihan 1
    1. What was Tina doing when Tono left?
    2. Who is reading Harry Potter when Tono left?
    3. Who was left when Tina Reading?
    4. When Tina was reading Harry Potter?
    5. What book that Tina was reading?
    6. Does Tina read Harry Potter when Tono left?
    7. Why Tono doesn’t read with Tina?
    Latihan 2
    20. Siapa yang pertama kali mengamati bumi itu bulat?
    >>> who was the first observed that the earth is round?

  20. Nama: Alya Noer Jafar
    Nim: 200103511007

    Latihan 1
    1. What did tina read when tono left?
    2. Who was reading Harry Potter when Tono left?
    3. When was Tina reading Harry Potter?
    4. What did tina read when tono left?
    5. Did Tina reading Harry Potter when Tono Left?

    Latihan 2
    8. Bagaimana cara menghitung perubahan energi potensial sebuah benda?

    “How do calculate change in the potential energy of an object”

  21. Nama : Sri Rahayu Atikah Arsyad
    Nim : 200103512008
    Latihan I
    A. Who was reading Harry Potter when Tono left?
    B. When does Tina reading Harry Potter?
    C. What does Tina reading when Tono left?
    D. Does Tina reading Harry Potter when Tono left?
    Latihan II
    “Siapa yang menemukan gaya antar muatan antar partikel?”
    “Who discovered the force between charges between particles?”

  22. Nama : Anggun Devita
    Nim : 200103512010

    Latihan 1

    Q : What Was tina reading when tono left?
    A : Tina was reading harry potter

    Q : When was tina reading harry potter?
    A : When Tono left

    Q : Who was leaving when tina read harry potter?
    A : Tono

    Q : Who was reading Harry Potter when Tono Left?
    A : Tina

    Latihan 2
    Pertanyaan No. 9
    -Siapakah yang menemukan teori Big Bang?
    -Who discovered the Big Bang theory?

  23. Nama: Zarkia Fatna Dillah
    NIM: 200103511002

    Latihan I

    1. What was tina reading when tono left?
    2. Who was reading Harry Potter while tono was left?
    3. Was tina reading Harry Potter when tono left?

    Latihan II

    17. Mengapa Natrium dapat meledak ketika terkena air?
    Answer: Why does Sodium explode when exposed to water?

  24. Nama : Nurul Pratiwi
    NIM : 200103512001

    Latihan I
    1. Who reading Harry Potter when Tono left ? She is Tina
    2. What was Tina reading when Tono left ? Reading Harry Potter
    3. When was Tina reading Harry Potter ? When tono left
    4. Was tina reading Harry Potter when Tono left? Yes

    Latihan II
    13. Why is the earth perfectly round shape?

  25. Nama : Annisa Idrulya Salsabila
    Nim : 200103511005

    Latihan 1
    (+) Tina was reading harry Potter when Tono left.
    (?) who was reading Harry Potter when Tono left ?
    (?) what was Tina doing when Tono left ?
    (?) what was Tina reading when Tono left ?
    (?) when was Tina reading Harry Potter ?
    (?) was Tina reading Harry Potter when Tono left ?

    Latihan 2
    28. Siapakah yang merevisi teori Big Bang tentang asal usul alam semesta ?
    ” Who revised the Big Bang theory of the origin of the universe?”

  26. Nama : Putri Anisa
    Nim : 200103511010

    LATIHAN 1
    1. Who left when tina reading harry potter?
    2. What does tina do when Tono Left?
    3. What does Tina read when Tono left?
    4. When does Tina reading harry potter?
    5. Does Tono left when Tina reading Harry Potter?

    LATIHAN 2
    32. Mengapa panci dibuat dengan bahan logam?

    Why does pans made of metal?

  27. Nama : Andi Fatur Rahmat
    Nim : 200103512011

    Latihan I
    – What is the title of the book that Tina read when Tono was away?
    – What does Tina do when Tono is gone?
    – Is it true that Tina was Reading Harry Potter when Tono left?
    – When did Tina read a book of Harry Potter?
    – What kind of plan Tina had in mind when Tono left?

    Latihan II
    Logam apakah yang dapat bertahan pada suhu 4000Β°c?
    = What kind of metal can withstand temperatures of 4000Β°c?

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